STD 8 ENGLISH.

GRADE 2 MATHS.
June 24, 2020
STD 7 ENGLISH..
June 25, 2020

STD 8 ENGLISH.

Welcome to your STD 8 ENGLISH.

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STD 8 ENGLISH LESSON AND ASSIGNMENT TERM 2 2020

THE SAFARI RALLY : UNIT 13.
THEME  : INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIONS.


The safari rally  car in action.

Teaching items.

1.       Vocabulary.

Read the passage in pages 87-88 in your primary English pupils’ book.

Find out the meaning of the following words as used in the passage.

Event, fans, score, cheer, points, international, overturn, test of endurance, diligence, safari rally.

2.       Language use.

a.       Use of past simple passive, past simple tense.

b.      You already know how we form the past simple tense.

c.       There is no helping verb.

 

Example:

The boys pushed the car.

Omondi scored a goal.

Pupils gave presents.

 

Changing the past simple tense into passive.

-We use was/were +the past participle of the verb given.

 

Example:

 

1.       Ruto sent me an SMS.         An SMS was sent to me by Ruto.

2.       The poachers killed a zebra.     A Zebra was killed by the poachers.

3.       Lightening stuck the tree.         The tree was stuck by the lightening.

4.       The bought cars.                    Cars were bought by the man.

Remember:

To change a voice from active voice to passive voice, you need to identify the following.

1.       Subject

2.       Verb (tense used)

3.       Object.

a. When changing to passive, the object becomes the subject and the subject becomes the object.

Example:

       Monkey (subject) ate (verb past simple) the bananas(object)

The bananas(subject) were eaten(Verb) by the monkey(object).

b. Use of as well as.  As well as means also.

Local drivers as well as others from many parts of the world, take part in the safari rally.

-          Singular subjects followed by phrases beginning ‘with’, ‘as well as’ take singular forms of a verb.

 

Example:

Pamela as well as her friends, has seen this play.

Our subject in this sentence is Pamela.- singular-it’s the one that determines the form of a verb we put has( singular form) whatever is added after ‘as well as’ doesn’t affect our subject/verb.

 More examples:

-          Robert as well as his classmates, is going on a picnic.

-          This factory as well as the machinery and the raw materials is for sale.

C.Use of comparative and superlative adjectives.

There are three degrees of comparisons:

1.       POSITIVE:

This is the adjective when just used to describe a noun without any comparison.

Example:

-Mary is a tall girl.

Peter and Susan are good friends.

Nairobi is a busy city.

2.       COMPARATIVE.

This is the second degree of comparison. Its used when comparing two things.

 

Examples:

-Mary is taller than peter.

This text book is better than the one you gave me.

Nairobi city is busier than Kisumu city.

NOTE:

Most comparatives of regular adjectives end in ‘er’.

Comparatives are normally but not always followed by the word than.

More examples:

-Mutiso is more generous than his brother.

- The y stayed at the more expensive of the two hotels.

Adjectives of three syllables and some of two syllables form the comparative and superlative with more and most.

Examples:

Delicious                         more delicious

Beautiful                         more beautiful

Successful                       more successful

Honest                              more honest

Selfish                                more selfish.

Some have irregular comparative.

Good                          better

Bad                            worse

Little                          less

Many                          more

Much                          more

Far                             farther/further

Old                            older/ elder.

 

3.SUPERLATIVE.

This is third degree of comparison. Its used when comparing three or more things/people.

Superlative is always proceeded by the word ‘the’.

For regular adjectives, its formed by adding –est to the positive.

 

Example.

-          Mary is the tallest pupil in our class.

-          This is the best English text book.

-          Nairobi city is the busiest city in Kenya.

NOTE: Adjectives with three or more syllables normally use the word most in superlative.

Examples:

Delicious                       more delicious                            most delicious

Selfish                            more selfish                                 most selfish

EXERCISE:

Change the following sentences into passive.

1.       The cat killed the mouse.



6. A stone struck me on the head



3. He made a very remarkable discovery



4. A cruel boy was killed the bird.


5. The sudden noise frightened the horse.

Choose the correct form of the verb to complete the sentences.

22. An essay, as well as sums, ______ given as homework.

23. The construction of new schools, as well as the extension of the old ones, _____ at a high rate,



24. The abilities of this boy , as well as his strength, _______ everybody.


25. Bread and butter, as well as milk _____ served with every meal of the day.


26. Wetangula as well as Mudavadi, who is his friend, _______ today.


27. My father as well as my uncle _____ for  a morning walk.


12. The District Education Officer, as well as his wife, ______ agreed to give away the prizes on speech day.

Complete the following sentences by inserting the correct degree of the adjective given.
13. Both sums are difficult but the first is the the ____ the two.


14. U.S.A is the  ______ country in the world.


15. Undoubtedly, Jane is the ________ of the Robinson twins.


16. Who is the __________ candidate for the post, Barbara or Beatrice?


17. The weather was bad yesterday but it's even _____today.


18. She wrote a composition of fifty words; hers was the ____ composition of all.


19. His marks were the lowest in class; he is the ____ pupil in class.


20.  Their house is the _____ building from here.


21. November, December and January are the ______ months  in Mombasa.


22. Both my cousins  are _____ my sister.



23. She is my ______ sister


24. I am the ______ in my family.

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